Determining the Environmental Condition of a Property

While visiting Atlanta, an entrepreneur might find they love the city so much, they want to move  there and start a business. First, the environmental condition of a property should be considered when an entrepreneur contemplates the purchase of a land. The site might well be contaminated if it shows signs of prior industrial activities. It often proves protracting and expensive to decontaminate a site; make sure you do a careful assessment before you indulge in a purchase.

What is a contaminated site?

Pollutants are known to cause potential harm for the environment and the human bodies. The presence of such pollutants turn a property contaminated. Petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) is present in a fairly large number of sites. Various nutrients and oxygen-depleting organics are present in other contaminants. Such nutrients may include substances like unexploded ordnance, methane, iron and sulphur, radio-active materials like radon gas, heavy water and uranium, metals like mercury, lead, cadmium and zinc, pesticides, PCBs and other toxic organics, and nutrients like nitrogen, phosphate, potassium, human waste and animal manure.

Since most of these materials can mix with materials of other buildings, groundwater and soil, they’re capable of harming the environment or human beings as they may cause explosions and fires. Under severe circumstances, it causes a loss in terms nutrient-recycling or water-retaining ability of the soil.

Certain business activities contaminate property

Get in touch with your provincial or municipal government in the event you’re considering a real estate purchase. The condition of your site can also be assessed with the help of a professional environmental firm. Under circumstances when any of the under-mentioned high-risk activities take place in your property, you must be more careful:

  • Distribution, transportation, processing and extraction of petroleum and oil
  • Chemical processing or manufacturing
  • Rubber, polystyrene and plastics manufacturing
  • Processing of animal or food by-products
  • Processing and extraction of metal and minerals
  • Industries related with transportation like service, distribution and manufacturing of trains, aircraft and automobiles
  • Disposal of snow, processing of contaminated soil and treatment of waste water
  • Paper and pulp manufacturing
  • Asphalt and cement manufacturing
  • Businesses storing risky materials like oil and gas cylinders

The provinces might vary in terms of regulations and laws concerning decontamination and assessment of properties. The regulations pertaining to individual provinces should be checked to ensure whether rehabilitation of abandoned property is possible through special programs or not.

Assessing the site

Researches have to be conducted on the property titles and samples of water and soil have to be analyzed as per the norms of certain provinces in order to determine the level of contamination of the groundwater or land. Addressing the following issues becomes necessary whenever an environmental site assessment is needed:

1) Who owns the responsibility for decontamination?

2) What is the future liability potential?

3) How will this affect the real estate value in future?

4) Are the expenses worthy of the investment?

5) Is it possible to clean up the land to make it usable for the proposed activity?

More information on environmental site assessments can be found here. You must get in touch with real estate, environmental and legal experts to get the questions answered properly.

Decontamination: Cleaning up

Sites are often decontaminated with the help of environmental consulting firms that apply specialized environmental techniques. Various technical professionals, registered professional geologists and licensed professional engineers are being appointed by organizations; these professionals can provide expert witness testimony and litigation support.

The latest innovative technologies can control the expenses associated with bioremediation that includes pushing biological agents within the soil and other environmental cleanup processes involving chemical oxidation wherein oxygen is applied to alter the molecular composition of organic contaminants assisting them to biodegrade and phytoremediation that uses plant materials towards negating contamination. Bioslurping or multiphase extraction includes air pumping liquid vacuuming.

You must also remember to perform the much required environmental audit so that you remain complaint as per the international environmental standard.

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